Michio Miyagi (宮城道雄, April 7, 1894 – June 25, 1956) was one of the most famous Koto players, teachers and composer.
He was born in Kobe. He lost his sight in 1902, when he was 8 years old, and started his study in Koto under the guidance of Nakajima Kengyo II, dedicating the rest of his life to the instrument. In 1907 he moved with his family to Incheon, in southern Korea. When he was 14 years old, in 1909 he finished his first composition, Mizu no Hentai. At 18 he reached the rank of kengyo, the highest rank for a Koto performer.
Miyagi moved to Tokyo in 1917, and in 1919 he did his first recital of his own compositions. In 1920, he took part in the Great Recital of the New Japanese Music with Seifu Yoshida and Nagayo Motoori. He was reckoned as an authority in the new Japanese music, achieving notability in the early Shōwa period. In 1925 he participated in one of the first radio presentations in Japan, and in 1929 he signed an exclusive contract with Victor Record Company, now known as JVC. He composed his most famous piece, Haru no Umi (The Sea in Spring), in 1929.
In 1930 he became a lecturer at the Tokyo College of Music (current Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music), until he was appointed professor in 1937. In 1932 French violinist Renee Chemet visited Japan on a concert tour. After hearing Miyagi perform Haru no Umi Chemet arranged the shakuhachi part for violin, which she and Miyagi then recorded for distribution in Japan and Europe. He gained worldwide notability after the issuing of his albums in Japan, USA and UK.
After the Second World War, in 1948, he was appointed to the Academy of Arts of Japan. On 25 June 1956 he died after falling from a train in Kariya, Aichi during one of his tours. He wrote more than 500 pieces, improved Japanese string instruments, and invented new Kotos with 17 strings (bass Koto) and 80 strings. He was also an essayist, and published more than ten books including Ame no Nenbutsu.
For more reading about Michio Miyagi, visit http://www.miyagikai.gr.jp/english/index.html